Corvette Design Evolution Explained
This year the mighty Chevrolet Corvette – America’s first and so far only true sports car – turns sixty. So it’s probably a good time to look back and reflect on this car’s design, which has always been its biggest selling point.
The first Chevrolet Corvette, the XP-122 Motorama concept car, and the latest model, the 2013 Corvette 427 Collector Edition convertible, are separated by 60 years of automotive development and advancement. They do not share a single common component, yet the visual connection between the first and sixth generations is obvious. While the design cues have changed through six generations, it’s their elemental composition that makes a Corvette look like a Corvette.
So to how the next generation Corvette will look like – to some extent – we should review design features of the Corvettes throughout these years.
These are common features of the ‘Vettes:
- Proportion: Each Corvette has similar proportions – from the long “dash to axle” element, to the short tail and small greenhouse.
“Corvette designers have often looked to fighter planes for inspiration,” said Peters. “You can see that aerospace influence in the Corvette’s low, wide stance, proportionately small cockpit, and how the body is wrapped around the mechanical components.”
- Waterfall effect: A powerful, signature cue common among all Corvette generations is the way a part of the exterior bodywork cascades into the passenger compartment between the seat backs, introduced on the first-generation Corvette convertibles. Since then, the waterfall effect has been reinterpreted to make a seamless transition from the exterior to the interior of Corvette.
- Dual cockpit architecture: Another iconic Corvette design cue that was inspired by jet fighters is the dual, wraparound cockpit. Introduced when Americans were obsessed with space flight, the wraparound cockpit instantly conveyed purposeful performance. Today, the Corvette’s interior still conveys the car’s sporting intentions, with easy access and visibility of the critical controls.
- The bodyside cove: While a spear-like chrome feature highlighted the side of the 1953-55 Corvettes, for 1956, a concave cove was sculpted into the bodywork behind the front wheels. Although its form and function have been reinterpreted over the years, a cove or vent has been a signature cue in the Corvette’s bodyside ever since.
“The bodyside cove is arguably the most iconic design element for Corvette,” said Peters. “In each generation, the cove has influenced the powerful fender shapes and the overall sculpture of the Corvette. In addition, with each generation the bodyside cove has become more and more functional. A perfect example of this is the air extractors on the current ZR1.”
- The tail: Another Corvette signature is the design treatment of the car’s tail. Peters notes that it’s not just the use (since 1961) of twinned and rounded taillamps at either side of the back of the car. Instead, it’s how the relationship between those lamps, exhaust pipes, and event license plate opening compliment the low, wide proportions of the Corvette body.
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